Historical photographs

Macchu Picchu. From Prehistory to the Middle Ages

Macchu Picchu. From Prehistory to the Middle Ages



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Machu Picchu is the most famous Inca bastion in the Andes, located about 130 km northwest of Cuzco, in Peru. It is located at high altitude on a peak between two peaks, approximately 600 m above the Urubamba River, at 2,045 m altitude. Macchu Picchu means "Cerro Viejo."

The remains of the city cover about 13 square kilometers of terraces built around a central square and connected to each other by numerous stairs. Most of the buildings, a total of more than 150 homes are calculated, are single-room houses (currently without their corresponding roof), arranged around interior courtyards. Some of the largest structures were used for religious ceremonies.

Two of the most prominent buildings of Machu Picchu are the Casa de la Ñusta, which could be an area of ​​bathrooms and of which several trapezoidal doors with huge lintels are preserved; on the other hand, the intihuatana, or astronomical observatory that rose in one of the most strategic places, from where the Incas could study the movements of the Sun.

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Album: Images of history Gallery: From Prehistory to the Middle Ages