Historical photographs

Piedra del Sol. From Prehistory to the Middle Ages

Piedra del Sol. From Prehistory to the Middle Ages

Also called the Aztec Calendar because its reliefs are allusive to solar cults and astronomical knowledge of the Aztecs. This giant monolith is the result of centuries of astronomical observation of our ancestors.

The Piedra del Sol is probably the oldest monolith that is preserved from pre-Hispanic culture, whose construction date was around 1479. The sculptural motifs that cover its surface seem to be a summary of the complex Aztec cosmogony.

This monument is carved in low relief in a basaltic monolith. It has a diameter of 3.60 meters and weighs 25 tons. In the Plaza Mayor of the Great Tenochtitlan, it occupied a prominent place placed on one of the temples called Quauhxicalco.

He was demolished when the Spanish conquest was consummated, he remained buried 270 years until he was discovered on December 17, 1790. He currently presides over the Mexican room of the National Museum of Anthropology and History in Chapultepec.

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Album: Images of history Gallery: From Prehistory to the Middle Ages