It is one of the first large radio astronomical observatories conducted immediately after the Second World War. It is located in England, near Macclesfield in Cheshire, and depends on the University of Manchester.
The observatory was conducted at the initiative of Sir Bernard Lovell, an astronomer who is among the pioneers of radio astronomical research. At the beginning, the observatory team was composed of small radar antennas recycled by war technology. In 1952 the construction of the large 76 meter diameter satellite dish was started, which was, for about 20 years, the largest adjustable radio telescopic antenna (it lost its primacy in 1971 to the 100 meter antenna of the Effelbesberg radio telescope in Germany ).
The entire reception team was able to operate in 1957, in time to follow the signals of the first Soviet artificial satellite, Sputnik 1, which on October 4 of that year inaugurated the era of space exploration.
The Jodrell Bank observatory has frequently dedicated itself to the tracing of signals emitted by satellites and space probes; Its main function is, however, the study of celestial sources and in particular the location of the Pulsar, Flare stars and the measurement of the diameters of large objects.
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