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It can be considered as the modern precursor of the missiles, both ballistic and spatial.

Developed primarily by scientist Werner von Braun, during the Second World War, the "V-2" rocket was first tested successfully on October 3, 1942 and was the first to overcome the speed of sound.

Its physical characteristics were: length 14 m; diameter 1.65 m; weight 12,700 kg; thrust 25,400 kg; payload transport capacity, 1,000 kg; reach 300 km.

The first "V-2" missile was launched from Peenemünde against the English on September 6, 1944. Immediately after the German defeat, von Braun was transferred to the US.

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Astronomy Glossary: ​​VVan Allen (belts)