Earth and Moon

The islands

The islands

It is usually defined at islands as portions of land surrounded by water, although it is true that continents would fit in this definition as well.

However, they differ from these because they appear surrounded by water everywhere and by their dimensions, since they are much smaller.

One of its common characteristics of the islands is that the climate is strongly conditioned by the proximity of the sea.

From the biological point of view, the islands differ from the continents because their isolation limits the number and variety of animal and plant species that can be found in them. Often, two islands, which are quite close to each other, have a very different flora and fauna.

The climate of the islands

Except in the interior of a few, very large, the climate of the islands is determined by sea winds and this depends on its degree of humidity, rainfall and temperature. When the island has mountains that cause the rise of humid air, rains are often produced, sometimes constant.

The climate of the islands is also usually influenced by sea currents. These provide warmer air, since cold currents move submerged and, therefore, affect them less. For this reason, similar climates can be found on islands of different latitudes.

IslandOceancountrySurface (km2)
GreenlandAtlantic Denmark3.175.600
New GuineapeacefulPapua New Guinea791.439
BorneopeacefulIndonesia-Malaysia-Brunei 725.472
MadagascarIndianMadagascar587.037
BaffinArcticCanada507.451
SumatrapeacefulIndonesia473.604
Honshu (Deep) peacefulJapan227.411
BritainAtlanticUnited Kingdom218.040
VictoryArcticCanada212.197
EllesmereArcticCanada196.236
The 10 largest islands on Earth

The largest island is Australia, with an area of ​​almost 7.6 million square kilometers. However, Australia is usually considered a continent, due to its quasi-continental characteristics.

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Seas and oceans of the EarthIslands: oceanic, continental, volcanic, coral