History

Astronomy in other cultures

Astronomy in other cultures

Not only the west looked at the sky. In ancient times, astronomy also developed in other latitudes, both in the East and in the Americas.

Studies conducted by paleontologists and anthropologists in different tribes seem to demonstrate the need of primitive societies to keep a record of the events of the sky, in order to obtain knowledge about events such as bird migration stations, recursion of periods menstrual, the need for guidance or influence on animals and plants.

Hundreds of rudimentary calendars have been found, with an age of about 30,000 years, in places as distant as America, Africa, Europe or the Far East.

While European and Arab astronomies evolved slowly, in other remote places it did so in various ways. Without mutual knowledge and, therefore, without communication, the astronomy of these cultures had a different development from the western one, in most cases totally linked to religion and placed at the service of kings, emperors, magicians and priests.

In this chapter:

Astronomy in ancient China: We know little about astronomy in ancient China. However, it is known that it is older than the ... Read pageThe Mayan Astronomy: In America, during the pre-Columbian era, a fairly extensive astronomical study was developed ... Read pageThe Inca Astronomy: Without a doubt, that of the Incas is the most empire representative of South America… Read page Aztec Astronomy: The Aztec civilization arose from the 10th century. Its maximum splendor was obtained between the 14th and 16th centuries… Read page