History of celestial mechanics

History of celestial mechanics

Celestial mechanics is the branch of astronomy that is responsible for studying the movements of celestial bodies. These movements are due to the gravitational effects exerted by some bodies on others. In order to analyze them, the principles of physics that apply in classical mechanics, such as the Law of Universal Gravitation, by Isaac Newton, are used.

Celestial mechanics studies the movement of two bodies, better known as Kepler's problem; the movement of the planets around the sun; the movement of their satellites or the calculation of the orbits of comets and asteroids.

Within celestial mechanics there are two subfields of study: the Orbital Mechanics, centered on the orbits of artificial satellites, and the Moon theory, dedicated to studying the orbit of the Moon.

Among the main physicists, scientists and astronomers who participated in the evolution of Celestial Mechanics are Isaac Newton, Nicolás Copernicus, Tycho Brahe, Johannes Kepler, Gottfried Leibniz, Pierre-Simon Laplace, Joseph-Louis de Lagrange, Simon Newcomb or Albert Einstein .

In this chapter…

In this chapter:

Celestial mechanics in Greece and Rome: Since ancient times man observed that there were stars in the sky that, with the passing of ... Read pageHow did the stars move in the Middle Ages ?: The Arabic translation of the summit work of Ptolemy, the Almagesto, that… Read page Celestial mechanics according to Kepler: The German astronomer and mathematician Johannes Kepler owes, in the 17th century, the creation of… Read page Newton, calculus and gravity: Isaac Newton was responsible for throwing light on the laws of Kepler. For this he developed ... Read pageLagrange Points: Following the advances made by Isaac Newton in the field of celestial mechanics, the astronomer, physicist and ... Read pagePrecision and rigor of Simon Newcomb: The role of the Canadian astronomer Simon Newcomb has been vital in the development of the… Read page Einstein and his relativity in Celestial Mechanics: Albert Einstein never agreed with the precision of the theory of… Read pageThe Perturbation Theory: The Perturbation Theory uses mathematical methods to find approximate solutions to… Read page