Antiquity and Middle Ages

Antiquity and Middle Ages

Various ancient peoples, such as the Egyptians, Mayans and Chinese developed interesting maps of the constellations and useful calendars.

Observatories were built in different parts of the world and many data were obtained, taking into account that they started from scratch. But there is not much information about the famous people of ancient astronomy, or the data we know is very inaccurate.

Therefore, we begin with the ancient Greeks. In general, the sages of ancient Greece believed that celestial movements could be explained by the hypothesis that the Earth rotates on its axis once every 24 hours and that together with the other planets it revolves around the Sun. This theory, known As a geocentric system, it remained unchanged for 2,000 years.

Greek astronomy was transmitted by the Roman Empire and also towards the East to the Syrians, Indians and Arabs. Arab astronomers compiled new catalogs of stars in the 9th and 10th centuries and developed tables of the planetary movement.

In the fifteenth century the basic assumptions of the central position and the immobility of the Earth began to be questioned.

This chapter presents the biographies of famous people from this era, when the Earth was the center of the Universe.

In this chapter:

Thales of Miletus and the wise men of antiquity: He was called Thales of Miletus (or Thales) because he lived in the city of Miletus, between 624 ... Read pageAnaximander, creator of apeiron: Anaximander was a Greek philosopher, geometer and astronomer born in Miletus, a city that… Read page Pythagoras and geocentrism: It is said of Pythagoras that he is the first pure mathematician and also one of the first astronomers of whom… Read page Abdera's Democritus and the " atomic theory ": Democritus of Abdera was a pre-Socratic Greek mathematician and philosopher who lived between ... Read page Edoxo of Cnido and the spheres: Eudoxo (408-355 BC) was a Greek mathematician and astronomer who was born and died in Cnido, son of ... Read PageAristotle: Philosophy and Round Earth: Aristotle (384-322 BC) was a Greek philosopher and scientist who is considered… Read page Euclid, the father of geometry: Euclid, also known as "the father of geometry", was a mathematician and Greek geometer ... Read pageAristarco: magnitudes and distances of the Sun and the Moon: Aristarchus was born in Samos - Greece - in 310 BC and died in 230 a ... Read pageEratosthenes and the measurement of the earth sphere: He was an astronomer, historian, geographer, philosopher, poet, theatrical critic and mathematician ... Read pageHiparco, the measure of the year and a catalog of stars: Hipparchus of Nicea, also known as Hipparchus of Rhodes, it was a… Read page Claudio Ptolemy and the theory of the spheres: Claudio Ptolemy (or Ptolemy) is one of the most important characters in history… Read page Al-Battani and the Arab astronomy of the Middle Ages: Abu Abdullah Al-Battani, also known as Albategnius, was an astronomer… Read page Muhammad Al-Idrisi and the Roger's book: Muhammad Al-Idrisi (Abu Abd Allah Muhammad al-Idrisi) was a cartographer, geographer… Read page Leonardo de Pisa and the Fibonacci succession: Leonardo de Pisa, also known as Leonardo Bigollo or, more ... Read pageRegiomontanus and the reform of the calendar: Johann Regiomontanus, whose real name was Johann Müller de Königsberg ... Read page