Friedrich Wilhelm Heinrich Alexander Freiherr von Humboldt, better known Alexander von Humboldt, was a polymath who lived in Berlin between 1769 and 1859. Thus, he stood out in various fields of knowledge such as astronomy or geography, and also as a humanist, naturalist and German explorer.
He has been considered the "father of Universal Modern Geography." Thus, he made numerous exploration trips from Europe to South America, as well as to the territory of the United States, Mexico, Central Asia and the Canary Islands.
Alexander von Humboldt was accompanied on his trip through the Spanish colonies of Central and South America by the French botanist Aimé Bonpland, who had already made a trip with him to Spain. Together they traveled approximately ten thousand kilometers, divided into three continental stages. In this way, the first two took place in South America, and the third by the Mexican colonies of Spain.
Thanks to this trip, he managed to gather a large amount of information about the climate, flora and fauna of the region. He was also able to determine the longitudes and latitudes, the measurements of the Earth's magnetic field and very complete statistics on the economic and social situation existing in the Spanish colonies in Mexico.
Between 1804 and 1827 he settled in the city of Paris where he dedicated himself to collecting, ordering and publishing all the information he collected on his travels, completing the thirty volumes called "Journey to the equinoctial regions of the New Continent".
However, although the main field in which he developed his activity was in geography, it is true that Alexander von Humboldt dedicated the last years of his life to the writing of his work "Cosmos". This is a book that shows the global vision of the structure of the universe and terrestrial and celestial phenomena.
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