Biographies

Tsiolkovsky and astronautics

Tsiolkovsky and astronautics

Konstantin Eduárdovich Tsiolkovsky (Russia, 1857 - 1935), was a leading Soviet physicist and mathematician. Being only a child, he became deaf after passing the scarlet fever. Far from sinking, and with the support of his father, he became a great reader, especially of the work of Jules Verne.

After studying science in Moscow he worked as a professor of mathematics in Borovsk and later in Kaluga, although he combined teaching with research. Konstantin Tsiolkovsky was a visionary far ahead of his time, and even today.

He published more than 500 works related to space travel. Some are as innovative as sketches of liquid-powered rockets, designs of double pressurized cabins to protect against meteorites, gyroscopes for altitude control or seats to protect the pilot against acceleration during the launch of the ship.

In 1883 he carried out a project of a ship by retropropulsion for interplanetary trips. A few years later, in 1920, I devised a rocket composed of several modules that were detaching in the successive stages of the trip. He was also a visionary with space engines, proposing a liquid fuel based on a mixture of hydrogen and oxygen.

Most of his studies did not reach scientific society until 1918. Despite this, much of his ideas served to make it possible for man to put the first artificial satellite into orbit.

Subsequently, their studies were also used to create the first spacecraft piloted by a human being, Yuri Gagarin. The Russian cosmonaut orbited around our planet in a rocket built according to the principles established by Konstantin Tsiolkovsky.

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