Sergey Pavlovich Koroliov (Ukraine, 1907 - Russia, 1966), was one of the first engineers and rocket designers during the Soviet space race. His passion for heaven led him to take out the title of pilot, but after reading the works of Konstantin Tsiolkovsky his obsession became the space.
As an engineer, in 1931 he created a study group in Moscow on jet propulsion. This same group was responsible for launching the first Soviet liquid-powered rocket in 1933. This group was also the starting point for the creation of the Research Institute for Missile Science, where the first Soviet transporting rockets were projected
Already in 1949, Koroliov was in charge of directing the realization of the first high-altitude probe rockets, in addition to starting Soviet flights with animals on board.
Other works by Sergey Koroliov were the development of the first Soviet intercontinental missile and the design of the space transporters that were used to launch the first Soviet artificial satellites.
Finally, in 1961 he directed the projects that led to the creation of the Vostok, Voskhod and Soyuz spacecraft.
Unfortunately, Koroliov was a victim of Stalinist purges. He was arrested on June 28, 1938 accused of affiliation with a Trotskyist organization, sabotage and premeditated deceleration of the work in the manufacture of modern armaments for the Red Army. The six years he spent imprisoned in the concentration camp of Kolymá, in Siberia, he spent the rest of his existence. A heart condition, with complications in the kidney and gallbladder, ended his life in January 1966, with only 59 years.
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