Biographies

Physicists, astrophysicists and mathematicians

Physicists, astrophysicists and mathematicians

In addition to astronomers, other scientists have made important contributions that have an impact on the development of astronomy.

In this regard, mathematicians, physicists and, of the latter, astrophysicists stand out. His discoveries influence all sciences.

In astronomy many calculations are made, but the calculation is not the only contribution of mathematics and physics. Science, as is well known, advances in multiple fields. Increasing specialization is required. However, and although it may seem contradictory, advances in one discipline influence others.

In this chapter we present the biographies of famous people in the history of mathematics and physics. Not all, obviously.

To start, we wanted, in some way, to pay tribute to those who were precursors of today's computers, since new technologies are, in short, those that have favored the most spectacular advances, both in astronomy and in many other sciences . And also to those who, with their discoveries, helped us better understand how this Universe works, from the infinitely small to the incomprehensibly large.

In this chapter:

Archimedes, geometry and machines: Archimedes was a notable mathematician and Greek inventor, who wrote important works ... Read pageAl-Khwarizmi, algebra and algorithms: Mahommed ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi was an Arab mathematician, born in Kharizm (currently ... Read page Pierre de Fermat and his famous Theorem: Pierre de Fermat was a French jurist and mathematician who was born in Beaumont-de-Lomagne on 17… Read page Blaise Pascal, pressure and calculators: Blaise Pascal was a French philosopher, mathematician and physicist, considered one of the… Read page Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, a universal genius: Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz is also known as Baron Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz… Read page Leonhard Euler and pure mathematics: Leonhard Euler was a mathematician of Swiss origin whose most important works are… Read Carl Friedrich Gauss and applied mathematics: Carl Friedrich Gauss was born in Braunschweig on April 30, 1 777 and studied… Read page Michael Faraday and electromagnetism: Michael Faraday was a prestigious British physicist and chemist who was born on 22 ... Read page Marie Curie and radiation: He was the first person to receive two Nobel Prizes, in Physics and Chemistry, and the First woman to ... Read pageErnest Rutherford and atomic physics: Ernest Rutherford was a chemist who was born in New Zealand on August 30, 1871 and died ... Read pageNiels Bohr, father of the atomic bomb: Niels Bohr was a Danish physicist who studied structure of the atom and won the Nobel Prize… Read page Enrique Fermi and the first nuclear reactor: Enrico Fermi was an Italian physicist known worldwide for the development of the first… Read page John von Neumann, nuclear energy and computers: John von Neumann was a great mathematician who highlighted in numerical analysis… Read page Oppenheimer, director of the Manhattan Project: Julius Robert Oppenheimer was a state scientist American of Jewish origin that… Read Page