Can I do M.Sc in physics to become an astronomer after doing B.Tech in aeronautical engineering?

Can I do M.Sc in physics to become an astronomer after doing B.Tech in aeronautical engineering?

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I am a student of class 12 and I am studying in India. I want to be an astronomer and I know that I have to get a B.Sc, then M.Sc, and then Ph.D in astronomy. I have also started to learn the python programming language. I came to know that there are less opportunities for research in astronomy, since many organizations like ISRO not only employ scientists, but also employ engineers to make satellites and spacecrafts. I will try my best to become an astronomer, but to have life security (if i am unemployed), can I do aeronautical engineering so that I can even get employed in ISRO? After having a degree in engineering and after doing engineering can i do M.Sc in physics and then i start preparing to be an astronomer?

Let me tell you about myself a bit, I love to study science and I love to learn about stars (I have also watched documentaries on astronomy like "How the universe works" and "Cosmos"). I also love aircraft so aeronautical engineering would also be a job that I would love. And please tell me should I also do some extra courses which would enhance my skills as an astronomer?

It is good to see that you are interested in astrophysics at an young age. No problem with you doing the clichéd BE that everyone in India is forced with, you can still get your PhD in Astrophysics.

Your 4 years of B.Tech aeronautical is going to be tough, so be prepared for it. In the mean time, keeping in mind your aim of becoming an astrophysicist, prepare yourself equipped with programming languages, especially Python/C++. The reason I say this is because you don't need too have much of an astronomy background to do M.Sc Astronomy, but you definitely need to have a good knowledge in a programming language.

There are websites like Course Era or EdX and plenty more on the internet that can help you with learning python/C++ in an interactive way. Go for it, and trust me it will help you a lot.

As a final year student doing my PhD in Astrophysics (hailing from India) let me tell you the information I have acquired over the years.

With regard to the Masters/PhD in Astronomy/Astrophysics, the procedure is quite different in different countries.

Procedure within India

There are plenty of Universities in India that offer you a Masters course in Astrophysics.

Almost all the details required are summarised neatly in THIS PAGE, so I am not going to go through the list of things required.

Procedure for Europe

You would need:

  1. All your original mark sheets attested by the college/university (Bachelors, Masters, etc)
  2. Two/three recommendation letters, and the number of letters depends on the university you are applying to.
  3. A completely filled application form.
  4. IELTS scores (depends on country)
  5. Statement of purpose, as to why you want to do the course.

This is pretty much all you need for Europe. For certain universities, you might be having a Skype interview, wherein they might ask you about the stuff you know.

Procedure for USA:

When it comes to the USA, it gets quite complicated!

You will need:

  1. All your original mark sheets attested by the college/university (Bachelors, Masters, etc)
  2. Two/three recommendation letters, and the number of letters depends on the university you are applying to. For most universities it will be online forms that your professor needs to fill after he/she receives the mail.
  3. A completely filled application form. This is going to cost you somewhere from around 50-80 dollars depending on the university.
  4. GRE scores (both general GRE and subject (Physics,Chemistry etc.) GRE) that you can send to the university directly online by paying money (25 Dollars for each university). Only a few universities accept you without a subject GRE.
  5. IELTS/TOEFL scores. TOEFL scores can be sent online, but if you are taking IELTS you have to go to British council and have them send it.
  6. Statement of purpose, as to why you want to do the course.

So it depends on where you want to apply. I would recommend you to apply to both, to increase your chances. For Europe, the chances of you getting through depends on the country you apply. For USA, the chances of you getting through solely depend on your GRE scores. It doesn't matter whether you are a gold medallist in your Bachelors, it all boils down to GRE. If you fail there, your entry into USA will be difficult.

One advantage of Europe is that, mostly, the PhD is only for 3/4 years, depending on the country. Whereas in the USA, it is mandatory for the student to write exams in the first year, teach/be a research assistant in the second year, and only in the third year start the PhD project.

To search for PhDs in Astrophysics depends on the country you are applying for. But as a start, you can have a look at PhD calls, internship calls, post-doc positions, etc. related to astrophysics will be posted here during the start of every month.

With regard to your question

can I do aeronautical engineering so that I can even get employed in ISRO?

Yes you can definitely do that. ISRO not only employs aeronautical engineers, but also people who have completed their BE in electrical and electronics and also computer science.

Have a look at THE CAREERS WEBSITE OF ISRO to get more information.

Good luck with your future!

Astronomer - How to become an Astronomer

The astronomer is the professional who studies and tries to reveal the truths of the universe that involves the study of motion, nature, law, constitution, and possible future developments of heavenly bodies like the Sun, Planets, Stars, Comets, Meteors, Galaxies, Satellites etc.

If you are fascinated with the Stars, Constellations, Moons and other celestial bodies in the sky and want to peep out of the earth to know more about these mysterious bodies from closer quarter then this is the career for you.

This profession is basically divided into two parts one deals with the theoretical aspects (observational astronomy) and the other with practical aspects (theoretical astrophysics) of the field of study. This vast field of study itself is considered as a part of general physics. Thus, the aspirants who want to make Astronomy as their career must have a very good aptitude for general physics.

Apart from the stronghold on the Physics, the aspirant should have good programming skills, curiosity along with essential ability to search out answers. Those who are interested in doing Instrumentation or Experimental astronomy can opt for the Engineering Stream. These professionals are responsible to take the work of designing and construction of astronomical instrumentation at different wavelengths, for ground and space-based observatories. On the other hand, Experimental Astronomers acts as a medium for the publication of papers on the instrumentation and data handling necessary for the conduct of astronomy at all wavelength fields. Those who have chosen Science Stream can do Theoretical Astronomy or Observation.

Career Option After BSc Physics – Study for MSc

Did you ever think Why most of the science students choose MSc Courses after graduation? Well, here are the Top 4 Reasons!

You will find many career opportunities in Private as well as public sectors.

You can apply for many government jobs in which MSc Courses are required as eligibility criteria.

You can find a job in ISRO, DRDO, VSSC, SSPL, and other research centres.

You can get high Paid Jobs within the finest and reputed profession.

Below, we have mentioned the list of career options after completing your BSc, MSc and a PhD degree in Physics. So, stay tuned with Eduncle and read further.

Entrance Exams for MSc & PhD Physics Course

If you have a bachelor’s degree in physics and want to go with postgraduation courses such as a master’s degree or PhD degree, then you can apply for many Entrance Exams. Most of the BSc students apply for IIT JAM Exam to complete their MSc Physics through IITs, NITs etc. Below, we have provided the list of MSc, PhD Entrance Exams through which you can get the admission in IITs, NITs and many other top universities of India.

Courses Offered

MSc-PhD Dual Degree in Physics

Joint MSc- PhD in Atmosphere and Ocean Sciences

Joint MSc-PhD in Geophysics

MSc-PhD Dual Degree in Environmental Science and Engineering

MSc (Tech) in Applied Geophysics

National Entrance Screening Test

Integrated MSc programme in Basic Sciences (Physics, Chemistry, Biology, and Mathematics)

Joint Entrance Screening Test

Integrated MSc-PhD Programme

Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology

Tata Institute of Fundamental Research

Integrated MSc-PhD Programme

Indian Institute of Science Education and Research

Integrated BS-MS in Physics

PhD Programme in Physical Science

There are some other entrance exams conducted for BSc Graduates. You can get a complete list of Top Science Exams You Must Take After BSc here.

Seeking Career Guidance after B.Sc.? Talk with Eduncle Counsellors & Get Free Assistance. Sign Up at Eduncle & Avail the FREE Benefits.

Postgraduation Courses After BSc Physics

After BSc Physics, you can apply for many courses to get ahead in your field. Some of the courses are: -

MSc after a BTech?

Hi. You can definitely sit for the JAM, JEST and TIFR entrance exams later this year/next year. However, I do not know if BTech students are eligible for entrance to these institutes -- perhaps there are workarounds if you're willing to do undergrad courses from an affiliated university. I am not sure I completely understand the inner workings and rules.

Schools in the US tend to be less biased against engineering students. You could take the GRE, Subject GRE, TOEFL and apply to Physics graduate programs in the US based on your interests. Look for places with Astronomy programs, or departments.

There is considerable overlap of your background in electrical/electronics and instrumentation engineering and radioastronomy. While you might not be interested in pursuing graduate studies in your undergrad major area, it might help to know that a lot of techniques you might have been exposed to will be of considerable use in experimental (and sometimes even computational/data analysis) aspects of astronomy and observational cosmology, not to mention high energy and nuclear physics experiments. So, the best advice for you would be to try and look upon your engineering curriculum as an education in applied physics, and make the most of it. Then of course you can pursue a grad program in Physics/Astronomy.

Check out NCRA Pune. They have the Giant Meter Radio Telescope (GMRT). I think they also have a PhD program.

Bottom line: Take the entrance tests I listed in the first paragraph. Try to get more research exposure, and extend your engineering background into astronomy/physics rather than completely separating yourself from it as an undergrad. Good grades in your engineering curriculum will be helpful.

To become an Astronomer, is a Ph.D. degree a must?

Astronomy is the science that deals with space beyond the Earth's atmosphere. It is the scripture of the movement, nature, and composition of celestial bodies present in the universe. There is also a study of the rules laid down for their history and possible development. Although the use of state-of-the-art technology and gadgets has made astronomy a distinct mode, it is in fact a very old model. Since ancient times, human planets and space bodies have been studying, including great mathematicians and astronomers such as Aryabhatta, Bhaskaracharya, Galileo, and Newton has a significant contribution.

Educational Qualification - If you want to step into the mysterious and exciting world of space, then you can take a course in Astronomy.

1. Bachelor of Physics or Mathematics Pass Students Theoretical Astronomy.
2. BE (Bachelor of Electronic / Electrical / Electrical Communication) degree is required for admission in Instrumentation / Experimental Astronomy.
3. If you want to take admission in the Ph.D. course (Physics, Theoretical and Observational Astronomy, Atmospheric and Space Science, etc.), then you have to pass the Joint Entrance Screening Test - Joint Entrance Screening Test.
- For this exam, a master's degree in physics or a bachelor's degree in engineering is required.
- An MSc course in Space Science is available at the University of Pune.
- One can do an MSc course in Astronomy from Bangalore University and the University of Calicut.

Types of Astronomy
In Astronomy, scientific studies are done about stars, planets, comets, etc. At the same time, it is also tried to know what kind of activities are happening outside the Earth's atmosphere. It has many branches.

* Astro Meteorology: In this part of astronomy, information is collected about the position and motion of celestial objects. An attempt is made to know what kind of effects celestial things have on the Earth's atmosphere.
* Astrophysics: Under it, the physical property of celestial things is studied.
* Astrogeology: Under this, the study of the structure and composition of planets is studied, to understand this, a deep study of the solar system, planet, star, satellite, etc. is necessary.

Institute to pursue Course -

Raman Research Institute, CV Raman Avenue, Bangalore
Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore
Indian Institute of Astrophysics,
Physical Research Laboratory, Ahmedabad
Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai
Radio Astronomy Center, Tamil Nadu
Osmania University, Hyderabad
Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, Tamil Nadu
Punjabi University, Patiala, Punjab
Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam, Kerala

For becoming a professional astronomer seeking job in good positions in India or abroad, a PhD is required to be done in this area. The way to become an astronomer starts with completing 10+2 with science subjects including Physics and Mathematics. Then one has to go for UG course in science subjects including Astronomy, Physics, and Mathematics. Alternatively one can do with Physics and Mathematics also but then for doing Masters in Astronomy the preference in admission might get reduced. After completing the Masters degree one has to register for PhD in some specialised topic in Astronomy. There are many topics available for research in this vast area. In some places Astrophysics is used in place of Astronomy. This is a nomenclature part only. Even after doing ones B.E. or B.Tech. one can try to get admission in Masters in Physics or Astrophysics or Astronomy to make a shift in career. The admission to PhD programmes are generally based on the result of GATE / UGC NET / JEST etc.

For making a career in this area it is advisable to have interest in amateur astronomy (which incidentally any person with some little science background like 10+2 can do) which is a very interesting field and one can know many basic things about universe while pursuing this hobby. Many amateur astronomers did amazing discoveries while gazing the night sky.

Some of the reputed institutions in our country for doing courses in Astronomy are -
1. Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology (IIST), Thiruvananthapuram.
2. The Indian Institute of Astrophysics (IIAP), Bangalore.
3. Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai.
4. Osmania University, Hyderabad.
5. Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore.

After doing the requisite courses in Astronomy one can try for teaching positions in the universities and institutes where Astronomy/Astrophysics are regular offered as career courses to the eligible candidates. One can also guide the students in research also. There are some apex organisations in the country where the Astronomy qualified people are recruited in various positions. Some of them are Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC), Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) etc. For brilliant students there are opportunities in world leading scientific organisations like NASA in USA and European Space agency Europe.

To become an astronomer one should do his Masters degree in Astronomy or Applied Physics. You can get a job with PG qualification itself and while working as a scientist definitely you can complete your PhD also. Some universities offer a PG programme in Astrophysics and that is also very good to become an astronomer.
Generally, the following are the duties of an astronomer:
1. Matter and energy in the universe and its study
2. Research on space, stars, moon, galaxies etc.
3. Studying and analysing the findings of the research results and finding the facts.
4. Designing various studies and carrying out the studies etc.

The following jobs are available for these scientists.
1, Astronomy teaching in universities and colleges
2. Research Scientist
3, Astronomer
4, Physicist
5. Computer modelling and designing etc.

The following are some of the institutes offering PG course in this subject.
1.Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur
2. India Institute of Technology, New Delhi
3. Indian Institute of Technology Madras
4. Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur
5. Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore
6, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee
7. Indian Institute of Technology, Mumbai
8. Indian Institute of Technology, Varanasi
9.Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani
10. Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati

We know that Astronomy is the area of science education which deals with outer space objects like planets, stars, comets, galaxies, and their phenomena like their physical and chemical properties, etc. An astronomer is a person who applies the principles of Mathematics and science i.e. Chemistry and Physics to study the Universe using telescopes, computer programs, and collecting information on the celestial bodies in the Universe.

Q: How to become an astronomer? Is a Ph.D. degree a must?
Ans: The requirement to get into astronomy or to become an astronomer varies from institutions to institutions or universities to universities but the basic criteria are given below:
The applicant must have completed his HSC/+2 in the science stream with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics.
They can then get into astronomy for their graduation with Physics and mathematics as their secondary subjects. The candidate can specialize in instrumental/theoretical/experimental or observational astronomy.
a) Candidates from the engineering background can also apply if they have completed their full-time B.E/ B.Tech degree in electrical/electronic communication. They can opt for experimental or instrumental astronomy. The courses are B.Sc in Astronomy / Astrophysics which are 3 years full-time course or as mentioned, B.Tech in related Engineering which is a 4 years full-time course.
b) After their graduation, they need to go for post-graduation (PG) in Physics or Astronomy. i.e. M.Sc. in Astronomy/ M.Tech in Astronomy and Space Engineering
c) After completing their post-graduation, they need to take the entrance test and interview (depends upon the institution) for completing their Ph.D. which will be your specialization in the astronomy field. Ph.D. in Astronomy / Astrophysics / Astronomy and Astrophysics or Atmospheric Science and Astrophysics. One can also join Integrated Courses i.e. M.Sc – Ph.D. Course in Physics and Astrophysics / M.Tech – Ph.D. (Tech.) course in Astronomical Instrumentation.
As mentioned above, to become an astronomer, one needs to have a doctorate or Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) degree in astronomy, physics, or a related field that is essential for staff and researcher positions.

Some of the entrance exams conducted by institutes throughout India for completing their Ph.D. basic requirement to become an astronomer are:
1. Joint Entrance Screening Test (JEST) which is conducted every year in the month of February whose advertisement is given in the leading news channels and newspapers.
2. Joint Astronomy Programme (JAP) is conducted by IIA, IISc, and RRI at the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore. The selection process and the interview of the final candidates normally completed in the month of July.
3. The Indian Institute of Astrophysics (IIA) selects the candidates through screening from the JES (Joint Entrance Screening) Exam which is held in the month of February every year. IIA then conducts their exam in the month of November every year whose advertisement is published by September.
4. Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics (IUCAA) conducts its written exam in the month of July every year followed by an interview. The selected candidates need to clear the UGC-Net, GATE, or CSIR exam within a span of 1 year after getting admitted for their Ph.D. program.
5. Autonomous Research Institutes (ARI): RRI, NCRA, UPSO, ISRO conduct the entrance exam every year for ARI and the qualifying candidates are called for the interview in July.

Q: Which are the colleges in India that provide courses in the field of Astronomy/Astrophysics?
A: Some of the top colleges that provide courses in the field of Astronomy/Astrophysics are as given below:
1. Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) – Chennai, Guwahati, Kanpur, Kharagpur, Mumbai, and New Delhi.
2. Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS)- Pilani
3. Indian Institute of Technology Madras ( IITM)- Chennai
4. Indian Institute of Science (IISc)- Bangalore
5. The Indian Institute of Astrophysics (IIAP), Bangalore
6. Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai
7. Osmania University, Hyderabad
8. National Institute of Technology (NIT)- Thiruchirapalli
9. Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology (IIST), Thiruvananthapuram
10. Indian Institute of Technology ( BHU IIT )- Varanasi


TIFR is one of the elite research institutes in India. Even better than IISC as far as physics is concerned. If you opt for the Integrated Ph.D. paper, Your questions will be from the BSc syllabus but the no.of questions will be rather less and will be designed to test your deeper understanding of a concept. Very few people get selected this way. The interviews will also be very thought-provoking(read about the interview in the interviews section). You need to be very strong with your fundamentals. All TIFR institutes will take students through this.

The best part of this is the stipend. You’ll receive a monthly fellowship of Rs 16,000/- for the first year. At the end of the first year, upon satisfactory performance, the fellowship is enhanced to Rs 25,000/- per month (further raised to Rs 28,000/- after registration for PhD. and annual contingency of Rs. 20,000/-(First Year Int. PhD. students)-Book Grant Only / 32,000/- per year [Ph.D. students and Int. Ph.D. students (Second Year onwards)]

Admission In Astronomy or Astrophysics field after doing B.E. or M.E. in EEE or Mechanical

HI, Sir I am ketan i am doing BE in Electrical and electronics engineering. I am so much interested in Astronomy and astrophysics line from my childhood. I also written books about astronomy and astrophysics like "My safari science" & "Beyond the Time". I also have one website about space science Space Science by ketan who shows my interest in this field. I also have famous science page in facebook too. in short i have lots of knowledge about this field and i wanna use my telnet for our country in this field. please anyone can say me can i get admission in astronomy or astrophysics after doing BE or ME in this EEE engineering field?? if yes than in which institutes?? and if no than which are the proper engineering courses for join this astronomy field??

Yes. You can do astronomy/astrophysics course with a Bachelors in engineering. Please go through the details described in the site above.

Types of courses:

Firstly these are the types of courses that are present:

  • Bachelors of sciences

    • Honors in physics
    • Major in physics
    • General B.Sc

      • The first two are considered equal but Honors degree has a slight edge because more focus is laid in Physics. Also if you are opting for a general B.Sc make sure that you have 4 semesters of physics in your coursework so that you'll be eligible to get admission in IIT through JAM.
      • B.Sc+M.Sc

        • It's a 5-year course after which you will be receiving both a Bachelor's and a Master's degree in physics.
        • This is also a 5-year course similar to above which will be more research-focused and the value of the degree is increasing day by day.
        • IISERs, Few IITs, and IISC, etc offer these programs.
        • Engineering Physics, Astronomy, space science or related areas

          • Engineering Physics in few IITs
          • Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology(IIST)

            • B.Tech in Aerospace Engineering and ECE(With specialization in Avionics)
            • Dual degree B.Tech+ M.Tech/MSC.
            • You can get a job directly in ISRO after completion of the degree here.

            visit the below Blogpost "Best BSc Physics colleges in India" to find out the colleges that offer those courses (

            Are you sure you want to delete your answer?

            You have set your goals quite high, something rare at a time when everyone looks for any course that offers a lucrative career and nothing more. If scientists like Einstein, Newton, Pascal or Planck are your inspiration, your career choice is worth its weight in gold.

            The first step on your long journey is what you are studying in class 12. Hope you have taken PCM. Now, after class 12, you should ideally go for BSc Physics and follow it up with MSc Physics and then take up doctoral studies (PhD).

            Your research topic can be in theoretical physics, engineering physics, chemical physics or astrophysics, depending on your interest. As you know, physics is the study of the structure of matter and various relationships between the constituents of the universe. So the field is quite varied and vast.

            Once you get your PhD, you should obtain a job with an industrial research lab, or government lab and hone your skills.

            Now comes the question of where to study. One short-cut is to take admission for Bachelor of Science (Research) programme at IISc Bangalore. This is a 4-year program in which the majors are Biology, Chemistry, Earth & Environmental Science, Materials, Mathematics and Physics. In the 4th year you have the option of choosing any of these six topics for an MSc in Physics. This means that you get your MSc degree in the 5th year. This unique program also exposes you to humannities and one year of research, which comes handy when you take up doctoral studies.

            The selection will be through your scores in KVPY, JEE (Main and Advanced) and NEET-UG, whiever is applicable.

            Another option is to pursue 5-year Dual Degree (B.Tech +Master of Science/Master of Technology) at Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology (IIST). The Master's program after successful completion of B.Tech can be in Master of Science (Astronomy and Astrophysics)/Master of Technology (Earth System Science)/Master of Science (Solid State Physics) or Master of Technology(Optical Engineering).

            The selection will be through your scores in 10+2 and JEE (Advanced). Here are two websites that you must check out.


            Study hard, do well in 12th boards and check out on careers360 website for regular updates on forthcoming engineering entrance examinations. Hope an Ibrahim joins the ranks of CV Raman or JC Bose who made India proud as physicists. Best of luck!

            How to become a scientist if I am a BSc student of Physics? How to do a job in NASA as a scientist

            Indian Space research Organization conducts its own exam every year for B tech students as well as for B. Sc students.

            Even you can go For DRDO Exams which is also conducted every year or depends on vacancies available.

            After B.Sc If you do M.Sc chances will be more as scientist.

            Scientist means having a knowledge with depth in any subject.

            You can check official site of ISRO:


            You can also apply for Joint Entrance for Screening Test (JEST)

            JEST is the best exam for scientist specially for candidtaes belonging to Physics field.

            It offers you a job as scientist in the following Institutes:






            You must have 65% or above in your M.Sc or B.Sc.

            Better First you complete your M.Sc in Physics and lots of doors will be open for you.

            For NASA its very hard you can't directly go.

            With your exceptional skills and experience in future you can try for NASA.

            Career Options and Jobs in Astronomy & Astrophysics

            Becoming an astronomer or astrophysicist requires years of observation, training, and work. But, the most important requisite is immense passion. This field is not for the folks who want a stable career in the mid-20s. Since a PhD is a must to have a career in astronomy and astrophysics, you might not earn lucrative salaries till the late-20s or early-30s.

            Top Schools for Ph.D. and Research Opportunities in Astronomy and Astrophysics


            • CalTech
            • Princeton
            • MIT
            • UC Berkeley
            • Penn State
            • University of Chicago
            • University of Washington
            • Ohio State University
            • Harvard
            • Columbia
            • Cornell
            • Wisconsin-Madison
            • University of Arizona
            • Johns Hopkins
            • UT Austin
            • University of Virginia
            • Michigan State
            • Yale
            • University of Colorado-Boulder
            • UCLA
            • University of Florida
            • Georgia State
            • Indiana University Bloomington

            UK & Europe

            • Cambridge
            • ETH Zurich
            • EPFL
            • Oxford
            • UCL
            • LMU Munich
            • Manchester
            • TU Munich
            • Imperial College London
            • KTH Sweden
            • Leiden University
            • ENS Paris
            • RWTH Aachen
            • Karlsruhe Institute of Technology
            • Heidelberg University

            Hard Work and Dedication Does Pay Off

            Career Options after Doctorate (Ph.D.) in Astronomy or Astrophysics

            The career path is not challenging, but rewarding as well. Read the story of Natalie Hinkel, an astrophysicist. Natalie did her bachelors degree in physics with a minor in math. Later, she went to graduate school for 6 years in order to get her PhD. According to her, the initial jobs after PhD are a bit temporary in nature. So, she started looking for something more permanent. It takes a PhD and one or a couple of post-doctoral stints before ending up with a permanent job position.

            Where can you work?

            You could work in Government affiliated and private owned observatories. Working in Planetariums & Museums can also be a decent career for the upcoming astronomers. The aspirants can get a permanent job and make secure future in the following public and private organizations like:

            • Bhaba Atomic Research Centre (BARC),
            • Inter-University Centre for Astronomy & Astrophysics (IUCAA), Pune
            • National Centre for Radio Astrophysics (NCRA), Pune
            • Technology Information Forecasting & Assessment Control (TIFAC)
            • Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO)
            • Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology (IIST), Thiruvananthapuram
            • The Indian Institute of Astrophysics (IIAP), Bangalore
            • Raman Research Institute, Bangalore
            • Physical Research Laboratory, Ahmedabad
            • Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai
            • Osmania University, Hyderabad
            • Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore
            • NASA

            Career Options Beyond Space

            Astronomy and astrophysics majors represent a small percentage of all physical science majors and an even smaller percentage of college majors throughout the country. The workforce in any relevant organization tends to be exceptionally diverse, as companies tend to recruit the top graduates from academic institutions all over the world. In North America, there are only about 150 job openings for astronomers per year. So, you should be open to other careers as well. Read more about the core job opportunities in astronomy.

            As Natalie said, a PhD in Astronomy or Astrophysics open up several lucrative career opportunities. You could become a university professor, a full-time researcher at an observatory, scientific journalist, aerospace engineer or data scientist at an institute.

            Since astronomy and astrophysics heavily depend on Math, Statistics and Computer Programming, Data Scientist could be an ideal job profile. Alternatively, you could also switch to the Aerospace (space technology) domain.

            In space technology institutions, the focus is on the detailed design and execution of mission concepts. R&D roles are often split into architect and analyst positions, with architects defining the complex infrastructure of a system and analysts undertaking the in-depth analysis and development of individual areas, including:

            • Structural and stress engineering
            • Guidance and navigation control systems
            • Thermal engineering
            • Mechanisms
            • Antennae and telecoms
            • Power system
            • Full system-level simulators

            Other job positions (non-R&D) include:

            • Atmospheric Scientist
            • Plasma Physicist
            • Mechanical Engineer
            • Aerospace Engineer
            • Computer Hardware Engineer
            • Electronics Engineer
            • Metereologist
            • Engineering Technician
            • Photographer
            • Technical Writer
            • Public Relation (PR) Specialist

            “Space is big. Really big. You just won’t believe how vastly, hugely, mind-bogglingly big it is.” The same goes for Careers in Space Science & Technology.

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