Apollo is the name of an American space program (and of the spaceships that were part of it) that on July 20, 1969 managed to take man to the Moon for the first time and that, within a triennium, from 1969 to 1972, 6 expeditions with a total number of 12 astronauts have posed on our natural satellite.
The decision to direct all the efforts of the space program on the Moon was taken by NASA at the beginning of the sixties, when the United States was under the shock of Soviet space supremacy and tried to recover, before public opinion, the previous prestige as absolute world power.
The Apollo 16 and Apollo 17 missions were the last of the Apollo program that traveled to the Moon. The astronauts spent most of their time collecting samples of soil and rocks. The two missions used a battery-powered scout vehicle so that astronauts could collect materials in a much larger area than the previous missions.
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