From pole to pole, from east to west, this is all Mars. The image above was digitally reconstructed from more than 200 million measurements with the laser altimeter made from the Mars Global Surveyor that orbiting Mars.
The image strips Mars of its clouds and dust, and simultaneously makes the entire surface visible in its true color in daylight.
Particularly notable are the volcanoes of the province of Tharsis, visible on the left, and which are taller than any mountain on Earth. Just to the left of the center is the Marineris Valley, a canyon much longer and deeper than the Grand Canyon on Earth. To the right, south of the center, is Hellas Planitia, a basin over 2,000 kilometers wide that was probably created by the collision with an asteroid.
Mars has many flat lowlands to the north, and many rugged mountainous regions to the south.
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