The process of breaking the wave involves the release of its energy. The way in which the wave breaks, the type of breaking wave resulting and the ability to break and modify the coastline depend on the initial height of the wave and the slope of the cliff.
Erosion caused in coastal areas by sea waves forms the abrasion coasts, which are continuously excavated by waves. Slightly above the average level of the surface, recesses are formed, which are then expanded to give rise to openings or caves. Over time, cliffs are outlined, which are vertical walls or even sloping over the sea produced by this erosive process.
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