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Hurricane Caterina. Earth's atmosphere

Hurricane Caterina. Earth's atmosphere

On March 28, 2004, Hurricane Caterina attacked Brazil's coast by surprise. It is a huge storm, perhaps the most powerful in the history of the South Atlantic.

A cyclone of this size, classified by some as the first hurricane category 1, is a very rare event in the South Atlantic. Tropical cyclones are large regions of low pressure, with minimal deformation of ascending vertical winds.

Hurricanes pluck trees from the ground, throw vehicles through the air, and crush houses. Its winds can exceed 160 km / h. No other type of storm on Earth is so destructive.

These meteorological phenomena are formed in tropical oceans, where hot water drives the cyclone by evaporation. However, in the center of this storm the air was relatively cold, indicating that it is not a tropical phenomenon. The storm was called "Caterina" by local meteorologists, although there is no precedent for a formal nomenclature for this part of the world.

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