The Babylonian map of the world is considered the oldest ever made on Earth. Actually, this map was created in Babylon around 500 B.C. It was a copy of an original that was made 200 years ago, but has not been preserved until today. Therefore, the Babylonian is the first map of the world that is news, and can be seen in the British Museum in London.
As seen in the image, the map is engraved on a clay tablet. It presents a series of drawings and inscriptions that reflect the vision that the Babylonians possessed of the world from a bird's eye view. Two concentric circumferences stand out, as well as seven triangular areas surrounding the outer circumference.
The area inside the circle represents the central continent, whose epicenter is the city of Babylon. Around the Babylonians they named other peoples of their time, such as Assyria, which was northwest of Babylon; Uratu, the current Armenia, or Habban, which is currently Yemen. The Babylonian people were aware of the existence of the Persians and the Egyptians, but they did not include them on the map because they maintained confrontations with both.
The Babylonian map also has topographic indications, such as some mountains to the north, where the Euphrates River is born. This river is also represented crossing the city of Babylon and flowing into the bottom of the map, in the salty waters, that is, the sea.