The Nazca Lines are a group of ancient geoglyphs located in the Pampas de Jumana, in the Nazca desert, near the towns of Nazca and Palpa, in Peru. Its origin is attributed to the Nazca culture, and it is estimated that they were traced on the ground between the years 500 BC. and 500 A.D. The Nazca Lines are composed of several hundred figures, ranging from simple designs such as lines to complex zoomorphic, phytomorphic and geometric figures.
The Nazca Lines cover an area of approximately 450 square kilometers. They represent a whole archaeological enigma for its large number and size, its nature and its continuity. The geoglyphs represent vegetables, fantastic beings, living creatures and geometric figures that are several kilometers long. It is believed that they could have a ritual function linked to astronomy.
They were discovered in 1939 by the American archaeologist Paul Kosok, who traveled by plane in southern Peru studying the old irrigation systems. In 1994, UNESCO declared the Nazca Lines and Geoglyphs and Pampas de Jumana a World Heritage Site. Unfortunately, the construction of the Pan-American highway and the continuous passage of SUVs through the area have caused serious damage to this archaeological jewel.
Despite having thousands of years, the Nazca Lines remain perfectly visible from the sky. They are continually whipped by the wind and the Sun, but only man represents a real threat to this spectacular enigma of the Earth.
|◄ Previous||Next ►|
|Land of Fire||Shiprock volcano|