This drawing shows the Stardust spacecraft during its encounter with comet P / Wild 2. The primary objective of the Stardust mission was to fly over comet P / Wild 2 and collect samples of dust and volatile substances in the comet's tail. You will return these samples to Earth for detailed study.
Category Photos of the Sun
The Sun is the closest star to us. It emits light and energy by virtue of the nuclear processes inside. The Sun occupies a central position in the Solar System and contains 99.9 percent of its mass. With its powerful gravity, it forces the movement of the nine planets and thousands of other smaller bodies around it.
The Solar System consists of the Sun, the planets and their accompanying satellites, asteroids, comets, meteoroids, dust and interplanetary gas. The dimensions of this system are specified in terms of the average distance from the Earth to the Sun, called the astronomical unit (AU). A UA corresponds to about 150 million kilometers.
Research with the SOHO (Heliospheric and Solar Observatory) has revealed the process by which the Sun reverses its magnetic field every 11 years. This happens due to the cumulative effect of more than a thousand huge eruptions called coronal mass ejections. The investigations of these phenomena have not only been carried out thanks to SOHO, but also the data taken between 1975-1985 by a satellite (P-78-1) of the US Air Force, as well as other telescopes in land (Kitt Peak, USA and Nobeyama, Japan).
The images of the Extreme Ultraviolet Telescope on board the Heliospheric and Solar Observatory (SOHO) did not reveal anything unusual during the interval from May 9 to 11, 1999. This image shows the gas at 1,500,000 ° C of the Sun's dim outer atmosphere, the crown. All the patterns in this image respond to the structure of the magnetic field.
Mercury is the closest planet to the Sun. It is somewhat larger than the Moon. Temperatures at noon rise to 370º C. But since it barely has an atmosphere that traps heat, at night temperatures drop to almost 185 degrees below zero. The surface of Mercury is covered with craters, canyons, and high escarpments.
Mercury is the closest planet to the Sun. It is approximately 58 million km away from the Sun and has a diameter of 4,875 km. Mercury orbits around the Sun every 88 days (year of the planet). Radar studies of the planet show that it rotates on its axis once every 58, 7 days or every two thirds of its orbital period; therefore, it rotates once and a half on its axis during each orbital period.
The history of the formation of Mercury is similar to that of the Earth. About 4.5 billion years ago the planet formed. This was a time of intense bombardment of the planets as they collected the material and the remains of the nebula from which they formed. At an early stage of this formation, Mercury probably differed into a dense metal core and a silicate bark.
Coronal mass ejections emit billions of tons of solar energy, releasing electrified gas into space, expelling the old solar magnetic field and allowing a new one to be formed with reverse orientation and renewed energy. The solar magnetic field is reversed every 11 years.
Mercury is the closest planet to the Sun, and the smallest in the solar system. Its diameter is 40% smaller than Earth and 40% larger than the Moon. It is even smaller than the moon of Jupiter, Ganymede or the moon of Saturn, Titan. Until Mariner 10, little was known about Mercury due to the observation difficulties that Earth's telescopes have.
These five images show the entire surface of Venus. The central image shows the north pole of Venus. The other four images are centered on points of the equator at 0 ° longitude (upper left), 90 ° east longitude (upper right), 180 ° and 270 ° east longitude (lower, left and right).
On June 6, 2012, scientists and fans around the world could see how the planet Venus traveled between the Sun and the planet Earth. It is a strange phenomenon that will not happen again in 105 years. In the image you can see the exact moment when Venus was traveling between the Sun and the Earth.
In the mid-17th century, Galileo and other astronomers made observations of the Moon through the telescope and discovered many craters. Since then, and given its proximity, it has been the most studied space object. The current knowledge of the Moon is greater than that of the rest of the Solar System objects except Earth.
Thanks to the data and images sent by the MESSENGER (Mercury Surface Space Environment Geochemistry & Ranging), we know that on the planet Mercury there could be signs of ice. The MESSENGER is the first spacecraft that travels in the orbit of Mercury, and offers scientists important clues about the origin of the planet and its complicated geological history.
The Moon is almost totally deprived of atmosphere, inert and practically immutable since the time when the current crust formed, three billion years ago. It is a place where testimonies of facts that date back to the origins of the Solar System are preserved. The lack of atmosphere causes the great thermal difference that exists between the parts of the Moon exposed to the Sun, more than 100 degrees, and those that are in shadow, which can reach 150 below zero.
Opportunity is a twin explorer to Spirit. Both explore the Martian surface. Both are part of NASA's Rover Mars Exploration Mission, which aims to collect geological evidence that demonstrates that there may be life, or that there was life, on the planet Mars. The scientists say that the first photos that the Opportunity sent show a very different area around the Gusev Crater - on the opposite side of the planet -, where the Spirit, on January 3, 2004.
Venus is slightly smaller than Earth. Both have few craters, indicating that their surfaces are relatively young, and their densities and chemical compositions are similar. Because of these coincidences, it was thought that under its dense layer of clouds Venus could be similar to our planet and even harbor life.
Venus is the second planet from the Sun. It is the brightest object in the sky, after the Sun and the Moon. This planet is called the morning star when it appears in the east at dawn and the morning star when it is located west at sunset. Due to the distances of the orbits of Venus and the Earth from the Sun, Venus is never visible more than three hours before dawn or three hours after sunset.
The Earth, our planet, is the third from the Sun and the fifth in terms of the size of the nine major planets. The average distance from Earth to the Sun is 149. 503. 000 km. It is the only known planet that has life, although some of the other planets have atmospheres and contain water.
The Earth's magnetic field, called the magnetosphere, regulates the behavior of charged particles in space near Earth and protects our planet from solar wind. Explosions in the Sun can charge the magnetosphere with energy, generating magnetic storms that affect satellites, communications and electricity transmission systems.
Mars receives its name from the Roman god of war, it is the fourth from the Sun and the seventh in terms of mass. Mars has two small satellites with craters, Phobos and Deimos, which some astronomers consider to be asteroids captured by the planet very early in its history. Phobos measures about 21 km in diameter and Deimos only about 12 kilometers.